Inferencing Underspecified Natural Language Utterances in Visual Analysis
Intelligent User Interfaces (IUI) 2019
Handling ambiguity and underspecification of users’ utterances is challenging, particularly for natural language interfaces that help with visual analytical tasks. Constraints in the underlying analytical platform and the users’ expectations of high precision and recall require thoughtful inferencing to help generate useful responses. In this paper, we introduce a system to resolve partial utterances based on syntactic and semantic constraints of the underlying analytical expressions. We extend inferencing based on best practices in information visualization to generate useful visualization responses. We employ heuristics to help constrain the solution space of possible inferences, and apply ranking logic to the interpretations based on relevancy. We evaluate the quality of inferred interpretations based on relevancy and analytical usefulness.