Getting Started Guide
Dashboard Extensions API
The Tableau Dashboard Extensions API allows developers to create extensions for Tableau. Tableau extensions are web applications that can interact and communicate with Tableau and with applications outside of Tableau. A dashboard extension can be placed in the dashboard like any other dashboard object.
- Create your web app
- Initialize the Extensions API library
- Use the API to write code that interacts with the dashboard and other applications
- Create a manifest file for your extension
- Drag & Drop the extension in your dashboard
A dashboard extension is a web app that you create that controls and interacts with the Tableau dashboard objects. The web app consists of one or more HTML files (one is the minimum). You host this web app on a web server (the server specified in the manifest file, described in a later step).
Create the HTML page
<!-- Path to Dashboard Extensions API Library -->
You’ll also need to choose a location to host your web page. This could be your on company’s web server, or as
localhost on your own computer for testing purposes, or you can use some of the public sites available, such as GitHub or Heroku. For security, dashboard extensions require HTTPS, the exception to this is
localhost where you can use HTTP for testing. See Suggestions for hosting your extension and HTTPS and Tableau extensions.
As an example, here's a simple HTML page that has a button. In the next step, we will hook that button up to a function that initializes the Dashboard Extensions API.
When you design your web app, be sure to follow the Tableau Design Guidelines for Dashboard Extensions so that your extension adheres to the Tableau best practices and provides a seamless experience for your customers. Use the Tableau UI library, a React component library containing UI components that have the look and feel of Tableau.
tableau.extensions.initializeAsync() method. This asynchronous method returns after the initial bootstrap operation is complete and the extension is available for use. The Extensions API follows the CommonJS Promises/A standard for asynchronous method calls.
Once you’ve initialized the library, you can start to call the Dashboard Extensions API methods that access the elements and data in the dashboard. For example, you can listen for events on objects, such as worksheets, parameters, and settings. You can use event listeners to trigger specific actions based upon worksheet interactions, such as mark selection events. You can also call methods that get data from the worksheet or from selected marks, or that query the objects in the dashboard.
Hello-extensions.js, we create a function called
The initialization function (
tableau.extensions.initializeAsync) instantiates a dashboard extension. To handle the promise, the
then method calls two callback functions to handle successful initialization or failure. In case of success, the example gets the dashboard object from the extension and then accesses the
name property to display the name of the dashboard sheet in the hosting web page. In case of an error, the error message is displayed.
To make this all work, we need to call our
initialize() function when someone clicks the button, so we need to modify our HTML code.
<div> <h1>Hello Extensions!</h1> <p id="resultBox" class="lead">Not Initialized</p> <button id="initializeButton" onclick=initialize() class="btn btn-primary">Initialize Extensions API</button> </div>
For a complete list of all the methods and data structures, you can use, see the Dashboard Extensions API reference. For information about accessing data from Tableau, see Get Data from the Dashboard and Accessing Underlying Data.
For more ideas about what you can do with the Dashboard Extensions API, see the Dashboard Extensions Samples on GitHub and check out the Community Extensions. To see what Tableau Partners and others have created and to be able to download and try out those extensions, see the Dashboard Extensions Gallery.
Every dashboard extension needs to have a manifest file. The manifest file (
EXTENSION-NAME.trex) is an XML file that describes the extension and provides information to register the extension with Tableau. The manifest file provides information about where the extension is hosted (the URL), what permissions are required (if any) to access data. The file also provides contact information, version information, and can specify an icon to use in the About box.
The following is an example of what a
.trex file looks like. To create your own manifest file for your extension, you can copy from an existing one, or you can use the Tableau TREX Generator on Glitch. The Tableau TREX Generator is the easiest way to create the manifest file, you just fill in a form.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <manifest manifest-version="0.1" xmlns="http://www.tableau.com/xml/extension_manifest"> <dashboard-extension id="com.example.extensions.name" extension-version="0.1.0"> <default-locale>en_US</default-locale> <name resource-id="name"/> <description>Extension Description</description> <author name="USERNAME" email="USER@example.com" organization="MyCo" website="https://www.example.com (https://www.example.com/)"/> <min-api-version>1.0</min-api-version> <source-location> <url>SERVER:PORT/PATH</url> </source-location> <icon> 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 </icon> </dashboard-extension> <resources> <resource id="name"> <text locale="en_US">name in English</text> <text locale="fr_BE">name in French</text> <text locale="de_DE">name in German</text> </resource> </resources> </manifest>
For more information about what goes into the manifest file (
.trex), see the Tableau Extension Manifest File.
After you have created the manifest file (
.trex) and have hosted your web app you can test it in Tableau.
- Start up your web page or application (or make sure it is running).
- Start Tableau and open a workbook with a dashboard or create a new dashboard.
- In the dashboard, under Objects, select Extension and drag it onto the dashboard. In the Choose an Extension dialog box, click My Extensions and browse to the directory where you have your manifest file (
After you select the manifest file, your web page should appear in the dashboard zone!
- For information about debugging your extension, see Debug Extensions in Tableau Desktop and Debug Extensions in Tableau Server and Tableau Cloud.
- You can also use the Tableau log files to identify issues, see Use Log files to Troubleshoot Dashboard Extensions.
- Security is a top concern. Tableau supports two types of dashboard extensions. One is network-enabled, and has full access to resources and applications outside of Tableau. The other is a sandboxed extension, and is hosted by Tableau and employs W3C standards, such as Content Security Policy (CSP), to ensure the extension can’t make network calls outside of the hosting Tableau Server. For information about security and about creating a sandboxed extension, see HTTPS and Tableau Extensions, Cross-Site Scripting and Extension Security, and Create and Test Sandboxed Extensions.
마지막 업데이트: 2021/09/14